Sculptures, Persian Hamam, Palaces @ Lohagarh Fort, Bharatpur



The invincible Bharatpur (Lohagarh) Fort was built in the 18th century by Raja Suraj Mal (founder of Bharatpur) and has stood many attacks of the Moghuls and the British.

In 1944 the palaces within it were converted into Government Museum, which showcase a rich collection of archaeological wealth dating back to 1st – 19th century AD —- antiquities, sculptures, weapons used by the Jat rulers, paintings, manuscripts, zoological specimen and inscriptions.

The fort encompasses three palaces; Mahal Khas, Kamra Mahal and Purana Mahal. The other two attraction are the 88 Pillared Baradari and the Persian Hamam. Raja Suraj Mal also built the Jawahar Burj and Fateh Burj inside the fort to commemorate his victories over the Mughals and the British.

Brief glimpse of what the museum houses


The architecture and structure of Bharatpur Palace


The Persian Hammam or Royal Baths

The earliest evidence of bathroom is from the Indus Valley (Harappa & Mohenjo-daro) Civilization ~6000+ years ago.  In Iranian culture Persian bath or hammam or bathhouse existed prior to the Islamic period. However, their number were limited due to the Zoroastrian religion’s reverence for the holy element of water. But in the medieval times, with the conversion of the population of Iran to Islam, bathhouses grew in numbers.

During that time the influence was visible in the royal bath’s of India too since we did have Turks-Mughals rulers. Even the Rajput & Jat rulers built similar baths in Indo (Rajput)- Persian style in their palaces. The ceilings & walls of the hammam’s are beautifully decorated with traditional fresco paintings (flowers, creepers)

This beautiful Hammam-i-Shahi (quite like a modern spa) was built by Maharaja Jawahar Singh in Indo-Persion architectural style (mid 18th century). The royal bath has two sections: one being the highly decorative inner section with lots of jaali window for flow of natural light and air circulation. The hammam has the provision of mixing hot and cold water too.




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Monika Ohson / TravelerInMe


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