Tag Archives: indian cormorant

Thekkady, for the spice & wild



After Munnar our next destination was Thekkady.

The drive to Thekkady from Munnar via Kumily is scenic. Woody forests and spice plantation now take over the usual tea plantation. A tip off … Do have a good breakfast before leaving Munnar or get something filling packed as you will barely find a place to stop and eat.



Our first stop was at the The Periyar Spice & Ayurvedic Garden on the Thekkady-Kumily highway. Their designated guide took us through an educational guide of the spice and Ayurveda herb plantation in their garden. In the end …… we shopped 😀 Fresh spices and Ayurveda produce are a must buy when in Kerala! You can also opt for them as souvenirs because Kerala is known for its spices!

King of Spices “Black Pepper” is native to south India and is extensively cultivated there. It is the world’s most traded spice. Currently, Vietnam is the world’s largest producer.

Queen of Spices “Cardamom” is the world’s third-most expensive spice after Vanilla & Saffron. India was the largest producer till 2000, thereafter, the position went to Gautemala.

Immature cocoa pods have a variety of colors, but most often are green, red or purple and as they mature, their color tends towards yellow or orange. Kerala is the top producer of cocoa in India while Ivory Coast is the top contributor in the world.

The first cultivation of coffee in India happened in Chikmagalur (Karnataka). Though Kerala is the biggest coffee producer (esp Robusta variety). The coffee beans when immature, are green. When mature, they have a brown to yellow or reddish color.

We were told its made by ants ….. though I have a feel its a wasp mud nest.

The “Torch Ginger” plant. The showy flowers of the plant are used in decorative arrangements, while the flower buds are an important ingredient in the Malay (Peranakan) dish laksa.



Once through the spicy trip, we headed straight for Periyar National Park & Wildlife Sanctuary notable as both an elephant and a tiger reserve. The park is situated in the Cardamom Hills and Pandalam Hills of the Southern Western Ghats and is a repository of rare, endemic and endangered flora and fauna. It also forms the major watershed of two important rivers of Kerala, the Periyar and Pamba.

At the main entrance of the reserve you will need to buy the entry tickets. The vehicles are allowed up to a point and from there you are on foot! A lovely shaded walk amidst massive, tall, old trees for a few minutes and you are at the boating ticket counter.

The lovely wooded /shaded walk to the Periyar boat ride section. Most of the tress are very old & massive!

One of the outlets for snacks and sanctuary souvenirs

On entering the boat ride area its wise to get the tickets first and thereafter enjoy the place — be careful of the monkeys while enjoying their antics, the interesting cut outs from tree trunks, have some light snacks / basic food or seat yourself in the waiting area till your ride slot comes.

The ticket has mention of your boat and once seated you are given life jackets to wear. There will be instructions to maintain silence or soft whispers and not to get up from your seat and run to the windows (which also means try to get a window seat if you are into photography)


Statue depicting the Periyar Tiger Reserve

View from the waiting area of the Periyar Reserve

Here & there you will find interesting wildlife sculpture crafted from tree trunks

View of the reserve (building) from the boat

Ours was the last slot of the boat ride, 3:30 pm. We were lucky to get a small boat (must be a 18-seater) and I did get a window seat 😀 The ride began and our boat had one forest ranger behind the steer and another as a guide.

The boat ride in Periyar Sanctuary

Inside view of our boat

Its mesmerizing seeing the wild landscape of Periyar. The different shades of nature, wildlife and the tranquility of the river! Now if you are lucky you can spot a herd of wild elephants (attraction of the ride) and not so common birds/animals. Unfortunately, no elephant sighting was seen on our boat ride day…… though folks on the ride a day ago did! As usual, the best time for sighting of wildlife is summer 🙂


Gaur or Indian Bison and flock of Cormorants from the boat window

Sambar Deer

Gaur or Indian Bison

The Indian Cormorant. You will often find them standing in the sun with their wings spread out to dry (they have less preen oil than other birds)

A flock of Indian cormorants swimming across

If you do not sight much wildlife ….. you can sit back and enjoy the bounty of nature!

The surrounding forest comprise of tropical evergreen and moist deciduous trees like  teak, rosewoods, sandalwood, jacarandas, mangoes, jamun, tamarind, banyans, sacred fig etc. Also more than 150+ varieties of grass grow here. If you happen to opt for a program that takes you inside the forest you may spot many animals and birds besides the flora that you may not see from the boat ride.


The trees made a delightful sight with different colored / hued leaves

White necked or Wooly necked Stork

The unforgettable part of the Periyar landscape are these submerged trees, said to be alive for 120+ yrs


Some quick tips / pointers to help you plan a trip to Thekkady:

  • Please ensure that you do online reservation /  booking for the boating as well as eco tourism program(s). There are only a few tickets sold at the counter as main reservation is online (https://www.periyarfoundation.online/)
  • In case you are unable to do so, you need to be there really early to stand for more than an hour in the queue to get your tickets (as was in our case; online booking could not be done due to some technical glitch. But we were lucky as the tourist season had just begun so not too crowded)
  • Also please note and remember that only 2 tickets are issued per person. So if you are 6 people, 3 need to be standing in the line 🙂
  • It is wise not to carry food item in your hand once inside the reserve as langurs / monkeys roam freely and they are known for snatching food and drink items
  • There is a small grilled canteen in the campus where you will get some basic food items and snacks (nothing fancy)
  • There is a waiting hall with seating where you can relax till your boat ride time comes
  • There are stay options within the reserve and if you plan to indulge in their eco tourism program it would be a wonderful idea to stay there
  • The Eco Tourism programs offered by the Periyar Tiger Reserve are Nature Walk; Cloud Walk; Green Walk; Border Trekking; Bamboo Rafting; The Bamboo Grove; Jungle Inn; Bullock Cart Discoveries; Jungle Scout; Tiger Trail
  • They have their retail outlet where you can buy souvenir items like t-shirts, caps, hoodies etc

my suggestion: to really enjoy the treasures of the reserve you must stay for at least 2 days and indulge in more than one of their Eco Tourism programs.


Sunset captured on our return from the boat ride

Some landscapes have a distinguishing charm ….. Periyar is one of them!


Read more about my Kerala Trip…..

Kerala on your mind? Here’s my #KeralaNotings
Trivia: Kerala Trip Take Offs
Alleppey Backwaters: The Kettuvallam Sojourn
Munnar, a piece of heaven on earth!


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Monika Ohson / TravelerInMe